Salvador Dali might have been once best known for his outlandish antics — such as the performance that produced this ‘lost’ work — but, as Deborah Wilk reports, serious collectors are now reconsidering the ‘extraordinarily skilled’ Surrealist

Clad entirely in green and wearing a turban on his head, Salvador Dalí approached the seven-foot tall canvas. The smart, urbane audience, including film stars Joan Crawford and Zsa Zsa Gabor, as well as What’s My Line? stalwart panelist Arlene Francis, watched on with eager anticipation.

It was March of 1960, and the infamous Surrealist had promised to create a masterpiece under a self-imposed 20-minute limit to celebrate the redecoration of the Berkshire Hotel’s Barberry Room lounge in Midtown Manhattan.

The ensuing abstract composition of primarily black and white, with a few significant marks of green and yellow, was executed in a fury of gestures and splashes — some of which hit the walls, ceiling, and even close onlookers — and was completed in just half the allotted time.

Impression de Bouguereau, 1960, which will be offered on an estimate of $300,000 to $500,000 at the Impressionist and Modern Art Day Sale at Christie’s New York on 13 November, resulted from the time Dalí spent as a regular in the Barberry Room where a copy of William-Adolphe Bouguereau’s 1873 Neoclassical work Nymphs and Satyr hung.

Salvador Dali (1904-1989), Impression de Bouguereau, inspiré par le tableau Les nymphes et le satyre, 1960. Oil, acrylic and nails on canvas. 86 1/4 x 50 1/4 in. (218.7 x 127.4 cm.). Estimate: $300,000-500,000. This work will be offered in the Impressionist and Modern Day Sale on 13 November at Christie’s in New York


While the original composition of a single male engaged in lascivious play with a group of comely females was (and remains) staunchly installed in the hallowed halls of the Sterling and Francine Clark Institute of Art in Williamstown, Massachusetts, one can imagine Dalí seriously contemplating the copy before declaring that he could do better.

His proposal for the creation of a new interpretation of Bouguereau’s original entailed not only the performance of its making, but also that once his work had hung in the hotel for the period of a year, the copy of Bouguereau’s original would be given to him, and he would, in turn, destroy it, leaving his impression to be the one and only truly inspired work.

The spectacle was the sort for which Dalí, who nurtured a penchant for shock, became well known in the late 20th century before his death in 1989. ‘He had a childish streak that made him want to create a scene for the sake of creating a scene,’ says Alex Rosenberg, a former publisher of Dalí prints and chairman of the Salvador Dalí Research Center.

‘I once owed him $25,000,’ continues Rosenberg, ‘and [Dalí] insisted the amount be brought to him in single dollar bills. When I arrived in Port Lligat, his home in Spain, the mayor of the town was assigned the job of counting the money. This was the way he behaved, and it was this humour that overshadowed his brilliance as an artist.’

Only now are we starting to realise the real genius of this artist because the generation who saw him as a clown is gone

Indeed, while Dalí might be best known for his outlandish antics, his centennial retrospective, Salvador Dalí, organised by the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 2005; the 2011 unveiling of the St. Petersburg, Florida-based Salvador Dalí Museum’s architecturally distinctive new building; and Dalí: All of the Poetic Suggestions and All of the Plastic Possibilities, mounted by the Museo Reina Sofia and the Centre Georges Pompidou in 2013, are just of few of the events that mark the artist’s scholarly reassessment.

‘Only now are we starting to realise the real genius of this artist because the generation who saw him as a clown is gone,’ says Rosenberg. ‘The work is being reconsidered on its own merit. He’s one of the great Surrealists of all time.’

As such, the time is ripe for Impression de Bouguereau to reappear on the scene. Just as Dalí suggested destroying the hotel’s more imitative copy, the Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation in Spain had been unsure of the work’s location (or existence) after it was removed from the Berkshire when the hotel owner, Manhattan Properties LLC, sold the holding in the 1970s and hung the piece in a modest office space.

‘They had no idea it was considered a lost work,’ says Vanessa Fusco, the department’s head of sale at Christie’s New York, of the sellers. ‘They felt it was being under-appreciated where it was and it was a good time to bring it out.’

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